Posts for: August, 2016
Cavities can happen even before a baby has his first piece of candy. This was the difficult lesson actor David Ramsey of the TV shows Arrow and Dexter learned when his son DJ’s teeth were first emerging.
“His first teeth came in weak,” Ramsey recalled in a recent interview. “They had brown spots on them and they were brittle.” Those brown spots, he said, quickly turned into caviÂties. How did this happen?
Ramsey said DJ’s dentist suspected it had to do with the child’s feedings — not what he was being fed but how. DJ was often nursed to sleep, “so there were pools of breast milk that he could go to sleep with in his mouth,” Ramsey explained.
While breastfeeding offers an infant many health benefits, problems can occur when the natural sugars in breast milk are left in contact with teeth for long periods.Â Sugar feeds decay-causing oral bacteria, and these bacteria in turn release tooth-eroding acids. The softer teeth of a young child are particularly vulnerable to these acids; the end result can be tooth decay.
This condition, technically known as “early child caries,” is referred to in laymen’s terms as “baby bottle tooth decay.” However, it can result from nighttime feedings by bottle or breast. The best way to prevent this problem is to avoid nursing babies to sleep at night once they reach the teething stage; a bottle-fed baby should not be allowed to fall asleep with anything but water in their bottle or “sippy cup.”
Here are some other basics of infant dental care that every parent should know:
- Wipe your baby’s newly emerging teeth with a clean, moist washcloth after feedings.
- Brush teeth that have completely grown in with a soft-bristled, child-size toothbrush and a smear of fluoride toothpaste no bigger than a grain of rice.
- Start regular dental checkups by the first birthday.
Fortunately, Ramsey reports that his son is doing very well after an extended period of professional dental treatments and parental vigilance.
“It took a number of months, but his teeth are much, much better,” he said. “Right now we’re still helping him and we’re still really on top of the teeth situation.”
If you would like more information on dental care for babies and toddlers, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more by reading the Dear Doctor magazine articles “The Age One Dental Visit” and “Dentistry & Oral Health for Children.”
First and foremost, everyone should be wearing sunscreen everyday! Whether you are watching the day go by on the beach or simply walking across the parking lot to your car, the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun are upon you. Skin cancer and skin damage are the result of a culmination of sun exposure. One of the simplest routines you can get yourself into involves protecting your skin against the elements. Now, so many of our daily moisturizers, foundations, powders, and lipsticks contain an SPF of at least 15. Even men’s products are evolving to contain some level of sun protection. There is no excuse!
As with a lot of things in our “too many choices” society, it is wise to educate yourself on the best options for sun protection. Is it better to go mineral based or chemical based when choosing a sunscreen? On a side note, while “chemical based sunscreen” is a label widely used in the industry, it should be noted that all matter is made of chemicals and this classification doesn’t allude to the idea that chemicals are necessarily bad. What is the difference between the two types? What are the pros and cons?
Mineral-Based Sun Protection (What it is, Pros, and Cons)
Mineral based sun protection products have the active ingredient of zinc oxide or titanium dioxide (or sometimes both). Mineral sunscreens shield and repel the harmful UV rays of the sun from the skin. Because they create a barrier verses being absorbed into the skin (unless in nanoparticle form), this is a great option for people with sensitive skin.
Pros of Mineral-Based Sun Protection (often referred to as physical sunscreen)
- Protects again UVA and UVB rays
- Offers immediate protection once it is applied
- Last longer on skin (unless doing physical activities where you sweat a lot)
- Better for sensitive or acne prone skin
- Doesn’t cause free radicals
Cons of Mineral-Based Sun Protection
- Typically rubs or rinses off easier; more frequent applications are usually needed when engaging in physical activities where sweat and or water is involved
- Until recently, most mineral based sunscreens left behind a white cast on the skin, making it visible on medium to darker colored skin
- Titanium dioxide doesn’t protect against the full spectrum of UVA rays
- Thicker and might be harder to apply to larger areas of the body
- Oftentimes, more expensive
Chemical-Based Sun Protection (What it is, Pros, and Cons)
Chemical-based sun protection products contain carbon-based compounds like oxybenzone, octinoxate, octisalate, octylcrylene, hemosalate, heliplex, 4-MBC, Mexoryl SX and XL, Tinosorb S and M, Uvinul T150, Uvinual A plus, and avobenzone. This type of sun protection works by absorbing the UV rays and converting them into heat, which is then released from the skin.
Pros of Chemical-Based Sun Protection (often referred to as organic sunscreen)
- Less is needed in order to provide adequate sun protection
- Oftentimes more cost effective option
- Typically thinner than mineral sunscreen, so it goes on easier
- Often filters more UVA and UVB rays, but this is dependent on the specific sunscreen
Cons of Chemical-Based Sun Protection
- Must wait 20 minutes after applying to the skin for it to be fully effective
- Some chemicals can generate free radicals
- Several UV filters have not been approved by the FDA in the United States
- Can irritate skin and eyes
- Can cause and increase the appearance of brown spots
As the ozone layer is becoming thinner, skin cancer is becoming more prevalent, and the quest for the fountain of youth is becoming more incessant, sunscreen and sun protection products are also evolving. There is an abundance of information and scientific documentation pleading the case for both types of sunscreen. What is most important, right now, is that you are using some sort of protection. Parker Dentistry Facial Rejuvenation and Wellness carries a great line of mineral based products and anti-aging solutions. Next week, we will share with you some of the wonderful options available for your skin that you can pick up at your next visit.
Example of a Sun Protection Regiment: As a surfer and unintentional sun worshipper, it is vital that I am protected at all times! On a daily basis, I use the MDSolar Sciences 30 SPF tinted mineral-based sunscreen on my face, neck, chest, and hands. This doubles as my foundation and creates an even and flawless look, as well. When I am surfing or in the ocean, I use a combination of mineral and chemical-based sunscreens. Typically on the bigger areas of my body (back, arms, and legs) I use SunBum 70SPF. I use the MD Solar Sciences SPF 30 on my face, neck, and chest and SunBum SPF 50 zinc oxide on my lips and nose for added protection. I always have a Colorscience Sunforgettable Mineral Sunscreen brush in my purse and car for when I am on the go and need a quick sunscreen and makeup refresh.
What’s your daily sun protection routine?
Thanks for sharing a smile with us this week!
There is a great risk factor when you play in the sun too frequently, for long periods of time, and or without adequate protection. The two predominant consequences relate to premature skin aging and skin cancer. Both, however, can be significantly reduced if you take the necessary precautions and care. The more you know the better suited you are to make the right choices and take the proper measures to reduce your risk of skin cancer and slow the aging process of your skin down. First, let’s take a look at some of the types of skin damage and skin cancer. Parker Wellness will then inform you of some easy and effective methods for taking care of your skin in the following articles.
Signs of Skin Aging: Overexposure to the sun can wreak havoc on your skin! Too much sun and not enough protection can lead to premature signs of aging.
- Fine lines
- Brown spots
- Leathery and tough skin in appearance and touch
Types of Skin Cancer (facts according to the American Academy of Dermatology):
Actinic Keratoses: This type is the precancerous, dry and scaly spots that appear from prolonged sun exposure. This typically appears in people over the age of 40 and will show up on areas such as the head, neck, arms, and forearms. You can avoid these unsightly patches and potentially cancer forming spots by regularly applying sunscreen, wearing protective clothing, and limiting your exposure to direct sunlight, especially during peak hours (10am-2pm).
Basal Cell Carcinoma: This type is the most common form of skin cancer. It usually appears as a “flesh-colored, pearl-like bump or pinkish patch of skin.” Early detection and treatment of BCC is crucial in order to avoid the spread of this cancer to the surrounding nerves and bones.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma: This type is the second most common form of skin cancer. It usually appears as a “ red firm bump, scaly patch, or a sore that heals and reopens.” Early detection and treatment is important in order to stop it from spreading and damaging other parts of the body.
Melanoma: This type is the deadliest type of skin cancer.
Follow this helpful acronym for early detection!
One half is unlike the other half.
Spot or mole has an irregular, scalloped or poorly defined border.
Color is varied from one area to another; has shades of tan, brown, or black, or is sometimes white, red, or blue.
Melanomas are usually greater than 6mm (the size of a pencil eraser) when diagnosed, but they can be smaller.
Over three million people are diagnosed with skin cancer every year. It is the most prevalent form of cancer and one of the most preventable. The vast majority of skin cancer stems from unprotected overexposure to the sun. It is crucial that we take skincare seriously! Now that you are well versed in the types of skin cancer and visible signs of premature skin aging, we will continue on with this mini series by sharing with you ways to protect your skin, care for your skin, and reverse the signs of premature skin aging.
Oh, how lovely those rays feel on your skin on a hot summer day on the beach. The cool ocean breeze makes the heat bearable and even pleasant as you are working on your sun kissed look. But what is the cost of your tan? Do you know that there is also a rather taxing price on your skin even when you are not sunbathing or participating in outdoor recreational activities? Most people also don’t realize that the UV rays from the sun can be just as strong on a clear and sunny day as a cloudy or hazy one.
The sun emits two different types of ultraviolet rays that are both harmful to our bodies, if we do not take the proper precautions. The UVA and UVB rays of the sun affect your skin whenever you come in contact with them, especially if your skin is without protection. So, what is the difference between UVA and UVB rays, and what can you do to protect yourself against them?
According to the definitions provided by the American Skin Association, “UVA rays are the longer wavelengths that penetrate the skin more deeply affecting the DNA of the cells in the dermis, attacking cell membranes, and changing the proteins that make up collagen and elastin, which support the skin’s fibrous structure. By undermining these parts of the skin, wrinkles and sagging occurs. Also, the loss of support for the skin’s tiny blood vessels, which can become permanently dilated, causes ruddiness and visible spider veins. These rays also contribute to skin cancer. UVB rays are the short, high-energy wavelengths that are absorbed by the epidermis (outer layer of your skin), which can cause freckles, brown spots, and skin cancer. “
Obviously, it is near impossible to stay completely out of the sun all of the time. Brief exposure to the sun actually does have some benefits relating to the absorption of vitamin D and its ability to actually help to boost your mood. However, there are certain daily practices and sun rules that you can follow in order to decrease your chances of premature skin aging and skin cancer.
- Wear sunscreen everyday, all day!
- Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen that has a SPF of at least 15.
- Reapply your sunscreen every two hours of continuous outdoor time and every 80 minutes of high intensity sweat producing or water related activities.
- Limit your sun exposure during 10am and 2pm; this is when the sun is the strongest.
- Wear protective clothing like a lightweight long sleeve shirt or a wide brim hat when you know that you will be in the direct sunlight for prolonged periods of time.
- Follow the “Shadow Rule.” According to the American Skin Association, if your shadow is shorter than you are tall, the intensity of the UV rays from the sun are at a high level and are likely to cause a sunburn if you stay outside for too long. “Short Shadow-Seek Shade.”
Is sunscreen part of your daily routine, even if you are not planning on spending any significant time in the direct sunlight? According to a study performed in 2013 by the American Academy of Dermatology, the majority of Americans do not regularly use sunscreen. 43.8% of men and 27% of women reported that they never use sunscreen on their face. 42.1% of men and 26.8% of women reported that they never use sunscreen on other exposed parts of their bodies. This is astonishing considering that anyone can get skin cancer (1 in 5 Americans will at some point in his or her life). The sun is a constant component in our daily lives and the leading cause of skin cancer and visible signs of aging.
The ozone layer in our atmosphere works as a protective layer against the sun’s harmful ultra violet rays. However, this shield is thinning at an alarming rate due to all different types of air pollution. The result of this tragic depletion is that the detrimental rays of the sun can more easily penetrate through, which has increased skin cancer at an exponential rate.
Mr. Sun has a dark side! A staggering 90% of visible signs of skin aging are caused by exposure to the sun. The majority of skin cancer incidences are caused by exposure to the sun. The sun is the epitome of a great paradox; there is a fine line between life substantiation and termination. Fortunately, there are multiple highly effective methods that should be made into daily practices. There is no excuse, regardless of where you live, how active you are outdoors, or whether it is sunny or cloudy outside. The sun will get you, and in time that culmination of exposure will show its face on your face.
Sun Facts (according to www.spacefacts.com)
- The sun is 4.6 billion years old.
- 1 million earths could fit inside of the sun.
- The sun is ironically classified as a Yellow Dwarf star.
- Light from the sun takes 8 minutes to reach the earth, but first that energy will have already have traveled for millions of years from the core of the sun to reach the surface of it.
- The surface of the sun is 9,932 degrees Fahrenheit.
In the upcoming weeks, we will take a look at the following topics relating to sun protection and repair.
- The difference between UVA and UVB rays, and how to protect yourself against both
- Signs and types of skin cancer and skin aging
- Mineral sunscreen verses other types
- Sun damage and anti-aging protects carried at Parker Dentistry Facial Rejuvenation and Wellness
- HydraFacials for sun damage and signs of aging
Thanks for sharing a smile with us this week!